A Grammar of Southern Unami Delaware (Lenape)

A Grammar of Southern Unami Delaware (Lenape) by Ives Goddard 0990334430 9780990334439
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A Grammar of the Southern Unami Dialect of the Delaware Language (Lenape):

This grammar of the Southern Unami language describes the phonology, the inflectional and

derivational morphology, and some aspects of sentence and discourse structure. It does not

include a formal treatment of syntax. The treatment of these topics in Delaware Verbal

Morphology (Goddard 1979) has been entirely recast, and there are now sections on additional

topics that substantially fill out the description of this often complex and idiosyncratic

Algonquian language. The facts are presented discursively in small modules with examples.

The phonemic transcription has been improved by writing the phonemic contrast between

the long and short fricatives between vowels and after /n/, and by greater consistency in writing

the marginally distinctive contrast between /u/ and the unrounded mid-central vowel, especially

before /w/.

The extensive phonological alternations are illustrated with examples of morphological

contexts in which they characteristically appear. Static words, syllables, and segments (which

have short phonemes inconsistent with the more usual phonological patterns) are treated. The

inflection of nouns, pronouns, and verbs is described and illustrated with extensive paradigms,

and particles, including enclitics, are treated.

The processes of stem derivation are outlined for primary stems and for secondary stems

(those derived from another stem). The types of reduplication are described. Several kinds of

compounds are distinguished and illustrated.

The basic facts of sentence structure are presented, including the function of absolute and

objective transitive verbs (to mark distinctions of definiteness) and the use of oblique

complements and adjuncts. Other features discussed include verbless sentences, participles

(relative clauses), focus-fronting, discontinuous constituents, and gapping.

Southern Unami is the heritage language of the Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville,

Okla.) and the Delaware Nation of Western Oklahoma (Anadarko).

Author: Ives Goddard

Language: English

Binding: Paperback

Pages: 226

Publisher: Mundart Press

Publication Date: 2021-03-05


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